早稲田大学 Hiroshima: Continuous Challenge with the New Meanings
Hiroshima: Continuous Challenge with the New Meanings
The course will explore the atomic bomb experience of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and its significance, which is nothing short of an unprecedented change in human history. We will begin by examining a road to the Asian Pacific War with a focus on the racial aspect of the war. We will not neglect to study Japan’s brutality on the Asian continents. We will analyze the forces which culminated in the atomic bombings and discuss why America dropped them. Then, we will explore the power of the atomic bombs by evaluating their physical, medical, and social effects on these two cities and their residents. Our investigations of these issues will include reading survivors’ accounts of the agony and destruction of the atomic bombings. This course also discusses the situation of Korean atomic bomb victims, whose voices have long been suppressed. By absorbing historical studies, eyewitness accounts, documentary films, photographs, poems and animation, we will attempt to comprehend the realities of what happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Through this course, by recognizing the long-lasting impacts of the atomic bombs on human beings and society, we hope to understand anew their implications for the whole world at present; furthermore, by addressing the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, we will examine the impact of environmental degradation and the crisis of human existence.
The primary objectives of this course are to strengthen students’ knowledge of the atomic bombings and to gain a greater understanding of them by critically examining diverse narratives. This class will provide students with an opportunity to consider not only how Hiroshima’s message can speak to the people who suffered under the brutal Japanese occupation in Asia but also to contemplate the meaning and impact of the events in the contemporary world.
- Week 1: Introduction
- Week 2 : The Origins of the Asian Pacific War 1
- Week 3: The Origins of the Asian Pacific War II
- Week 4: Documentary Film: “Hiroshima: Why the Bomb was
- Week 5: The Decision to Use the Bomb I
- Week 6: The Decision to Use the Bomb 11.
- Week 7: The Power of the Atomic Bombs: The Physical, Medical and Social Effects of Atomic Bombings
- Week 8: Who are the Victims?: The Diversity of the Target
- Week 9: Witnesses to Atomic Bombings I: White Light Black Rain
- Week 10: Witnesses to Atomic Bombings II: Barefoot Gen
- Week 11: Hiroshima in American Memory: The Smithsonian Controversy of 1995
- Week 12: Legacy of Hiroshima and The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Incident
- Week 13: Student Presentation
- Week 14: Student Presentation
- Week 15: Student Presentation & Wrap-Up
Hogan Michael J. (ed.). Hiroshima in History and Memory. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Dower John. Japan in War and Peace: Selected Essays. New York: The New Press, 1993 (selections).
Ienaga Saburo. The Pacific War, 1931-1945: A Critical Perspective on Japan’s Role in World War 11. New York: Pantheon, 1978 (selections).
Intondi Vincent. African Americans Against the Bomb: Nuclear Weapons, Colonialism and the Black Freedom Movement. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2015 (introduction).
Takaki Ronald. Hiroshima: Why America Dropped the Atomic Bomb. Boston and New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1995 (selections).
The Committee for the Compilation of Materials on Damage Caused by the Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Impact of the A-Bomb: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1945-85 (selections).
Selden Kyoko and Selden Mark (eds.). The Atomic Bomb: Voices from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. London: M.E. Sharp, Inc., 1989.
Class participation 25%
Paper Synopsis 10%
Reflection Paper 10%
Term Paper 35%